Although the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) has not yet entered into force, it will nonetheless loom large over the next Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) Review Conference. Perspectives of NPT alliances on the one hand, and proponents of the TPNW on the other, are contrasted in this paper. Though not likely to be in force by the time of the forthcoming Review Conference, the recent negotiation of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) also brings a new dimension to the debate on how best to implement the NPT’s nuclear disarmament pillar. The challenge for the Review Conference will be to acknowledge that papering over the differences inherent in the competing perspectives on, and approaches to, nuclear disarmament is not a desirable way of marking the first half-century of the NPT. Nor, more importantly, will it help pave the way to a calmer global security environment in which the risks of both nuclear proliferation and use of nuclear weapons are reduced and ultimately eliminated.
Chatham House 29th May 2020 read more »