Denmark is proving itself to be a decarbonisation leader, happy to turn its back on its history of oil and gas production and heavy reliance on coal. Its ambitious goal of cutting GHG emissions by 70% by 2030 makes it a global policy frontrunner, second only to Finland which aims to be climate neutral by 2035. Thibault Menu references his report for IFRI that asks what makes Denmark special. It has a long tradition of providing stability and predictability in energy policy. There is a high level of participation from public and private actors. It backs innovative technologies that are brought to market through generous policy schemes. Both policy and its implementation are made simpler thanks to the relatively flat social structure of Danish society and high level of institutional trust. Its geography and high wind speeds give it an advantage committing to wind power. Its power grid is one of the most interconnected in Europe, enabling the export and import – and therefore commercialisation – of excess power. Aside from wind, other successes include combined heat and power (CHP) and district heating. Menu notes that questions remain over the sustainability of biomass, a major source of heat power, and the country’s current total primary energy supply still relies on 60% fossil fuels. Today Denmark is a valuable case study. If it keeps to its plan it can become a role model.
Energy Post 4th May 2021 read more »