In 2011, German Chancellor Angela Merkel drew the world’s attention to Germany’s energy transition ― or Energiewende ― when she ordered the shutdown of eight nuclear reactors in the aftermath of Fukushima. But, in all of that new attention one thing about the Energiewende was sorely overlooked: its history as a grassroots movement. By 2011 Germany already had a world-class renewable energy law, which triggered massive investments in biogas, wind and solar power. Yet most of that investment did not come from the big utilities, as one might commonly think. As late as 2012, Germany’s four largest utilities made up only 5.5 percent of investments in renewables. Citizens and community groups accounted for nearly half, with the remainder being largely newcomers to the energy sector.
Huffington Post 3rd Oct 2016 read more »